How To Fix directory Services Cannot Start Error In Windows

Are you unable to start domain controller in Microsoft Windows 2003 or Windows 2000? Do you encounter blank screen after starting the domain controller? This behavior is generally caused by damaged active directory database, NTFS file system permissions, or NTFS file system. In such circumstances, you can not start the domain controller and all your valuable data become inaccessible. In order to get your data recovered, you need to opt for Windows Data Recovery, if there is no backup in place.

For example, your computer’s screen might go blank and you encounter the below error message, when you start domain controller:

LSASS.EXE – System Error, security accounts manager initialization failed because of the following error: Directory Services cannot start. Error status 0xc00002e1.
Please click OK to shutdown this system and reboot into directory services restore mode, check the event log for more detailed information.

Furthermore, the following events occur in the Application Event Log of Microsoft Windows:

Event ID: 700
Description: ‘NTDS (260) Online defragmentation is beginning a pass on database NTDS.DIT’.

Event ID: 701
Description: NTDS (268) Online defragmentation has completed a full pass on database ‘C:WINNTNTDSntds.dit’.

Event ID: 1168
Description: Error: 1032 (fffffbf8) has occurred. (internal ID 4042b). Please contact Microsoft product support services for assistance.

Event ID: 1103
Description: “The windows directory services database could not be initialized and returned error 1032. Unrecoverable error, the directory can’t continue.”


The above problem occurs in below situations:

The NTFS permissions on root of hard drive are very restrictive.

The NTFS permissions on NTDS (NT Directory Service) folder are very restrictive.

Drive letter of hard drive volume, which contains Active Directory database, has modified.

The Ntds.dit (Active Directory Database) is damaged.

The NT Directory Service folder is compressed.


Try out the following methods to work around this problem:

Restore Directory Service using Directory Service Restore Mode option in BIOS.

Format your hard drive, reinstall operating system, and reconfigure the domain controller.

Although, formatting can sort out this problem, but also removes all the data from hard drive and need Windows Recovery to be fixed.

You can easily Recover Windows data with the help of powerful third-party applications, known as Windows Data Recovery Software. The applications are very easy to use and provide absolute recovery using high-end scanning algorithms. They preserve integrity of your valuable data with read-only and non-destructive conduct.

Stellar Phoenix windows data recovery is the most advanced and efficient application that provides assured recovery of all your lost data. The software recovers data from FAT16, FAT32, VFAT, NTFS, and NTFS5 file system partitions. It is designed for Microsoft Windows 7, Vista, 2003, XP, and 2000.

Recover Lost Data with Active@ File Recovery

There are many reasons and situations where you can lose important data from your computer. Sometimes, you might empty the Recycle Bin and realize sometime after that an important document, for example, was in it at the time. Sometimes, malicious software or attacks by hackers can cause data stored on your computer to mysteriously disappear. In other cases, data may be lost due to a hardware-related problem such as a failing hard disk. You may accidentally format a hard disk partition or other storage device. The possibilities go on. Fortunately, it is usually possible to retrieve lost data intact in all of these scenarios. What you need is a data recovery solution like Active@ File Recovery. This provides you with the tools you need to get your files back intact.

Active@ File Recovery presents the ultimate data recovery solution for those who need to recover a data even on deleted or damaged non-system and system partitions.

Active@ File Recovery supports all common file systems found on home computers. This also includes support for the NTFS and FAT file systems, being used in Microsoft Windows OS, HFS+ file system used on Apple computers, the exFAT file system used on some flash memory cards and USB pen drives and the EXT2 and EXT3 file systems used by Linux-based operating systems. Active@ File Recovery makes it easy to scan your hard disk or other storage media for recoverable data. It also has no limitations with regard to sector sizes or total sizes of disks. Hard disks over with capacities of over two terabytes pose absolute no problem to this file recovery software. The data recovery package also comes with a bootable disk and the Enterprise version also provides the Bootable Disk Creator utility.

Active@ File Recovery also includes the Active@ Organizer utility. This allows you to easily organize and rename files once they have been recovered. It supports many different formats and the latest version of the software also supports the newest Microsoft Office document formats. Another useful feature provided with Active@ File Recovery is its compatibility with Unicode. Many other file recovery programs cannot read deleted files which have file names other than in standard Latin letters. Active@ File Recovery, however, can understand any character from any language including languages such as Russian, Chinese or Japanese etc. The data recovery software is designed to be as versatile as possible. Advanced NTFS recovery algorithms work with MFT records, repairing damaged ones and recovering deleted or damaged records on NTFS systems.

Version 9.5 of Active@ File Recovery includes 152 driver packs for supporting a vast number of different USB 3.0, mass storage and networked devices. This makes it one of the most versatile recovery solutions out there. You can boot up from the disk image provided, minimizing the risk of further overwriting the deleted data on your media and making it unrecoverable. The drivers provided will see to it that almost any storage device will be recognized when you start the computer up, thus enabling you to recover data stored on your media.

Active@ File Recovery is the ideal solution for both novice users and IT professionals. Find out more at and see what the software can do for you.

Mft Bitmap Corrupted – How To Fix

NTFS (New Technology File System) stores virtually all kinds of files and folders on the hard drive with the help of special system files, called metadata files. One important metadata file is $Bitmap, which is also known as ‘Cluster Allocation Bitmap’. This metadata structure is located at 6th record of MFT and contains a map depicting used and unused cluster information.

In other words, $Bitmap represents information of volume clusters, which have been used and which are available for use. Practically, there can be instances that might corrupt this $Bitmap and necessitate you to perform some hard drive recovery operations and fix the problem.

MFT Bitmap corruption is a common problem and can occur for several reasons. You can detect these problems by running chkdsk command Apparently, it can also be detected when you try to copy some files to a drive, which is infected with $Bitmap corruption. On trying to copy the files, this might prompt you with errors like:

The file system structure on the disk is corrupt and unusable. Please run the chkdsk utility on
the volume partition_name.

In other cases, you may find hard drive partition reporting incorrect information about available and used clusters.

How to Solve?

Not all, but most of such issues can be resolved by running chkdsk /f command on the hard drive partition in question. In its report, it will show that $Bitmap file needs to be adjusted, followed by error correcting statement and finally that Windows has corrected the file system problems.

Reportedly, there have been many situations, in which chkdsk has been unable to solve the $Bitmap corruption. Sometimes, it might report that file system repair has been successfully done, but when you repeat the same behavior, corruption exists. So, the best solution to get rid of $Bitmap corruption problems is to reformat the hard drive partition to NTFS file system and restore lost data from last available backup or by using a Hard Drive Data Recovery software.

Hard Drive Recovery software are efficient tools that can scan a corrupted or formatted drive and extract best possible data safely.

Stellar Phoenix windows data recovery is one of the safest Hard Drive Data Recovery applications. The software provides few-clicks data recovery plus a list of advanced features, such as disk imaging, disk cloning, and others. It is compatible with Windows 7, Vista, XP, 2003, and 2000.